For saving space and soil, this method also has several
other benefits, including no soil-borne diseases, no
weeds to pull and no soil to till, run-of-the-mill side
benefits of soil-less gardening.

CF Meters

CF meters usually read in milliSiemens or CF units but for the grower it is simply a matter of getting the decimal point in the right place. As a rule of thumb, it can be said that a good conductivity level for most purposes would be 2.0 milliSiemens (expressed as 2.0 mS/cm2). We can call this a standard working solution. Therefore: standard working solution = 2.0mS = 2,000S = 20 CF units

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Conductivity is sometimes expressed as EC (Electrical Conductivity). Units of EC are now identical to CF units.

Parts per Million

Conductivity is sometimes expressed in terms of parts per million (ppm). One gram of any salt, dissolved in a litre of water will make a solution containing 1000 ppm of that salt. However, different salts have a different capacity to conduct electricity so two solutions made with different salts could both be 1000 ppm, but have quite different readings on a CF meter. It is therefore not possible to make an exact conversion from parts per million to CF units, however as most nutrients solutions have approximately the same ration of constituent salts we can make an approximate conversion.

1mS = 10 CF units  640 ppm


Standard working solution = 20 mS = 20 CF  1280 ppm


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